A prime example for the application of ML would be text recognition. We input the text or some data we have, the machine recognizes the same and gives us the required output. It has applications in biology as well. Machine Learning has been of great help in scientific advancements. Another application of ML is in spam filtering through the data that is being given to the machine, it decides what should happen to a particular mail- whether it should be put in the spam box or the inbox.
Another exciting prospect is the self driving car, ML has allowed for huge leaps in this regard. You can also see its application in photo recognition and text recognition as mentioned before. So, we can see that ML works with various types of data- numerical, video, images, etc.