PRINCE2 Themes, Processes, Principles

PRINCE2 is a process based approach for project management with 7 themes, Processes and principles.


  • Business Case: The objective of business case is to decide whether the project is  desirable, viable and achievable.
  • Organization: Define and establish the project’s structure of accountability and responsibilities.
  • Quality: Are the quality of products fit for the purpose?
  • Risk: Identify, assess and control uncertainty
  • Planning: How, Where, Why, Who, When, How Much?
  • Change: Identify, assess and control potential and approved changed to the base-lined objectives.
  • Progress: Monitor and evaluate actual achievements with the Achievements.


1. Starting a Project

2. Initiating a Project

3. Directing a Project

4. Controlling

5. Managing Product Delivery

6. Managing Stage Boundaries

7. Closing a Project


Business justification

A PRINCE2 project must have continued business justification.

Focus on Products

Delivery of defined products and quality.

Manage By stages

Planned, Monitored and controlled in stages.

Manage By Exception

Defined tolerances for each objective and the limits of authority.

Tailor to suit the environment

Tailored to suit the project’s size, environment, complexity, importance, capability and risks.

Learn from experience

Lessons are sought, recorded and acted upon throughout the life of the project.

Roles and Responsibilities

Defined roles and responsibilities which are agreed with those involved.

Author : Lisa Findlay

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Shivam J


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